10 chart patterns that every trader must be aware of

Patterns on charts are an essential element of technical analysis but they do require some time to get familiar with before you can use them effectively. For you to get grasp these patterns, here are 10 chart patterns that every trader ought to be aware of.

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Chart patterns are an outline inside a price chart that can help to predict what price movements are likely to occur in the future in the future, based on the actions they’ve taken over the years. Chart patterns form the basis of technical analysis, and they require traders to be aware of which chart patterns they’re looking for, and the exact thing they are trying to find.

Best chart patterns

  1. Head and shoulders
  2. Double top
  3. Double bottom
  4. Rounding bottom
  5. Cup and handle
  6. Wedges
  7. Pennant or flags
  8. Ascending triangle
  9. Descending triangle
  10. Symmetrical triangle

There isn’t a single ‘best chart pattern as they’re all utilized to draw attention to different trends across many markets. Most often charts are utilized for candlestick trading, which allows traders to track the previous open and closings on the trading market.

Certain patterns are more appropriate for markets that are volatile and others less than. Certain patterns work best in a bullish market while others can be utilized when the market is in a bearish.

It is crucial to identify the best chart design for your market. Using the wrong chart pattern or not knowing what one to select could make you miss the opportunity to make money.

Before we get deep into the complexities of various chart patterns, it’s essential to explain the levels of support and resistance. Support is the amount at which the price of an asset ceases to fall and bounces up. The price at which resistance occurs is when it generally stops rising and goes back down.

The reason that levels of resistance and support appear is due to the balance between sellers and buyers – which is also called the supply and demand. If there more sellers than buyers in an marketplace (or there is more supply than demand) the price is likely to increase. If there are more buyers than sellers (more demand than supply) in general, the price drops.

For instance an example, the cost of an asset may be increasing because demand is surpassing supply. However, the cost will eventually rise to the level buyers will pay and the demand will fall at the same price. In this case, investors could decide to sell their shares.

This causes resistance and prices begin to drop towards a level of support when supply begins to exceed demand as increasing number of buyers end their positions. If the price of an asset falls enough, buyers could return to the market as the cost is more reasonable – creating a support level in which demand and supply start to level.

If the buying increases continue and continues, it will push prices back towards an area of resistance, as demand increases in relation to supply. When a price breaks the resistance level and becomes a support level.

Types of chart patterns

Chart patterns are broadly classified into 3 categories: continuing patterns Reversal patterns, and bilateral patterns.

A continuation indicates that a trend is expected to continue

Reversal patterns on charts indicate that a trend is poised to change direction.

Chart patterns that are bilateral signal traders that prices could change in any direction, which means the market is extremely unpredictable

One of the most crucial things to keep in mind when you use chart patterns as part of your analysis on technical issues is that they are not any guarantee that the market will be moving in the anticipated direction. They are just a way of gauging what could happen to the value of an asset.



Head and shoulders



“Head and shoulder” is an a chart pattern where an enormous peak is accompanied by a smaller one to either side of it. Investors study head and shoulder patterns to determine a bearish-bullish reverse.



Typically the first and third peak will typically be lower than the other, but they will all drop into the support level also known as the neckline’. When the third peak is back to its point of resistance, it’s likely to break into an upward trend that is bearish.



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Double top



The double-bottom chart signifies the time of selling, that causes the price of an asset to fall below a limit of stability. It then will rise to a resistance level and then fall again. Then the trend will reverse and start an upward trend as the market gains more confidence.



Double bottoms are bullish reversal pattern because it signals the end of a downtrend, and the shift to an upward trend.



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Double bottom



The double-bottom chart signifies the time of selling, that causes the price of an asset to fall below a limit of stability. It then will rise to a resistance level and then fall again. Then the trend will reverse and start an upward trend as the market gains more confidence.



Double bottoms are bullish reversal pattern because it signals the end of a downtrend, and the shift to an upward trend.



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Rounding bottom



A bottom chart that is rounded could indicate a continuation or an inverse. In the case of an uptrend, an asset’s value might drop slightly before rising again. This is an upward trend.



A typical rounding bottom that is bullish, as which is shown below – could be when an asset’s price was trending downwards and a rounding bottom was formed prior to the trend reversing and moved into a bullish uptrend.



Traders are likely to capitalize on this trend by purchasing midway between the bottom and at the lowest point and profiting from the continuation when it has broken above a threshold of resistance.



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Cup and handle



The pattern cup and handle is a pattern that is bullish that can be used to indicate an initial negative market sentiment prior to when the trend is finally reversible with a bullish movement. The pattern resembles an inverse rounding pattern, while the handle is like a wedge and is discussed in the following section.



After the rounding bottom when the price of the asset could be in a temporary retracement called the handle since this rectangulation is restricted only to two parallel lines of the price graph. The asset is likely to come back out of the handle and continue to follow the bullish trend overall.




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Wedges are formed when the movements of an asset’s price tighten between two trend lines that slop. There are two kinds of wedges that are rising and falling.



A rising wedge is represented as the trend line, which is which is slanted upwards and caught between two lines of resistance and support. In this situation, the support line is higher than the line of resistance. This usually indicates that an asset’s value will eventually fall more drastically and is evident when it breaks the support line.



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A wedge that falls is formed between two levels that slope downwards. In this instance, the resistance line is higher that the line of support. A declining wedge is typically signalling that the price of an asset will increase and eventually break over the resistance as in the illustration below.



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Both falling and rising wedges can be described as reversal patterns. rising wedges being a sign of the bearish market while falling wedges more typical of an uptrending market.



Pennant or flags



Flags, or pennant patterns formed after an asset goes through an upward trend that is followed by an eventual consolidation. The most common is significant increases in the beginning phases of the trend before it morphs into an array of smaller downward and upward fluctuations.



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Pennants can be bearish or bullish, and they could be the continuation of a trend or a reversal. The chart above illustrates the bullish continuation. Pennants are a type of bilateral pattern since they can show continuing patterns or reverses.



Although a pennant can appear like a wedge or triangular patterns – which will be which will be explained in the subsequent sections – it’s crucial to remember that wedges are more narrow than pennants and triangles. Additionally wedges are different from pennants due to the fact that wedges are always ascending or descending unlike a pennant, which is always horizontal.

Ascending triangle



It is also a bearish pattern that signifies that the continuation of an upward trend. Triangles that ascend are drawn on charts by putting an horizontal line on the swing highs , which is the resistance – then making an ascending trend line following the lows on the swing, which is the support.



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Ascending triangles typically contain two or more similar peak highs that allow drawing a horizontal line. The trend line represents the general upward trend of the pattern. Likewise, the horizontal line signifies the historical resistance level for the particular asset.



Descending triangle



Conversely, a downward triangle is the continuation of a bearish downtrend. In general, traders will open a short trade during the formation of a descending triangle, to gain from a market that is falling.



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Descending triangles typically slide lower, and eventually break the support since they signal an era of selling and buyers, which implies that the lower peaks will be frequent and not likely to change.




Descending triangles may be recognized through the horizontal support line and a downward-sloping line resistance. At some point this trend is likely to break the resistance and the downward trend will continue.

Symmetrical triangle

The symmetrical triangle pattern could be either bearish or bullish according to the market. In any situation, it’s an ongoing pattern, which implies that the market will typically follow the same direction as the trend when the pattern is formed.

Symmetrical triangles develop when the price is converged with a sequence of lower peaks and greater troughs. In the following example the overall trend is bearish, however the symmetrical triangle reveals that there was an epoch of up reverses.

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If there’s no obvious trend prior to the triangle pattern appears the market may be able to break out in any direction. Symmetrical triangles are patterns that are bilateral, which means they’re best utilized in unstable markets, where there is no clue as to which direction an asset’s value could change. A sample of a symmetrical bilateral triangle can be found below.

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Chart patterns summed up

The patterns discussed in this article can be useful technical indicators that can assist you comprehend how or why an asset’s value moved in a specific way and how it could change in the near future. Chart patterns can help to identify zones of resistance and support that helps traders determine whether to open a short or long position or should close their current position in case of trend reverse.

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